This HowTo is based on the HowTo for Debian Squeeze. Linux Mint Debian (LMDE) is based on Debian Testing, however. This write-up provides instructions for building Xastir from CVS on LMDE with all supported libraries enabled. It assumes the user already has a working installation of Linux Mint Debian, either on a physical machine or a virtual machine.
It is notable that LMDE is a rolling release, which means that the dependent packages required in order to install Xastir are more subject to change.
If you already installed the binary version
Fyi, the description below originally appeared in one of the Ubuntu HowTo documents. Although I expect it does apply to Linux Mint Debian given there is a Xastir binary in the Debian repositories, I have not tried installing the binary version and then removing it using this procedure.
If you installed a binary version of xastir using the "apt-get install xastir" option (or via Synaptic), you'll have a somewhat outdated version, and it will have installed into /usr instead of /usr/local. The source install described on this page will install into /usr/local, so you'll want to remove your binary install first before following these directions.
If you did a lot of map configuration with the binary install, all of your maps will be in /usr/share/xastir/maps. You'll need to copy those to a safe place before removing the binary install:
mkdir /tmp/maps cp -r /usr/share/xastir/maps/* /tmp/maps
Then remove the binary package:
sudo apt-get remove xastir exit
You can then follow the instructions below to re-install xastir to /usr/local from sources. Once you're done, copy your maps back to the new installation directory:
sudo cp -r /tmp/maps/* /usr/local/share/xastir/maps exit
Then you need to edit your ~/.xastir/config/xastir.cnf file to change all occurrences of "/usr/share" to "/usr/local/share"
You'll be back in business with a more easily updated xastir.
Preparing the system
I didn't have to do anything to the repository settings after installing Linux Mint Debian.
First, make sure you have a working Debian Squeeze installation. Also check that you can access the Internet. If your installation is very important to you, it is advisable to make a complete backup of your system, just in case something goes wrong.
I recommend updating your installed packages to the latest versions first. This can be done using APT:
sudo apt-get update
Optionally you can upgrade installed packages with the following command
sudo apt-get upgrade
If there was a kernel upgrade or something you may want to reboot your system before proceeding.
Start installing packages
- Get the basic set of build tools:
sudo apt-get install build-essential
Note: the build-essential package was already installed by default in my system, but it does no harm to issue the command above in order to be sure you have it.
- Get the libraries essential for building xastir:
sudo apt-get install cvs autoconf automake lesstif2-dev imagemagick gv libxp-dev libxpm-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev
These packages are required for the most basic minimum build of xastir. gv is not strictly required, but if you don't install it you will be unable to print. Note that this imagemagick package is not the one that gives you on-line map support, it's the one that provides the "convert" utility needed to create the postscript that gv will use to print. This package and gv are both required to be able to print from xastir even with minimal map support.
- Get additional libraries that will help for extra features:
sudo apt-get install gpsman gpsmanshp libpcre3-dev proj libproj-dev libdb4.8-dev python-dev libax25-dev sudo apt-get install shapelib libshp-dev festival festival-dev libmagickcore-dev libgeotiff-dev
Get XASTIR source code From the "bleeding edge" CVS repository
In this method, you get your source code directly from the "repository" that the developers use to work on the software. See Notes:CVS for details. Here's the step-by-step method for getting it this way.
- Prepare your .cvsrc if you don't have one (do this in your home directory)
ls -l ~/.cvsrc
If the ls command shows that you already have a .cvsrc file in your home directory, skip this next step.
Create a .cvsrc file in a text editor (the nano editor is shown in the example below):
Enter these commands in the text file:
cvs -z3 update -P -d status -v diff -u
Save and exit your text editor. In nano, control-o saves the file and control-x exits the program.
- Get the source code per README.CVS or Notes:CVS:
You can make different choices here for where you want to store your code. The example below puts it in a src directory under the home directory:
mkdir ~/src cd ~/src cvs -d:pserver:email@example.com:/cvsroot/xastir login cvs -d:pserver:firstname.lastname@example.org:/cvsroot/xastir co xastir
The "login" line will result in a prompt for a password. Simply hit "Enter" here, as there is no password.
The last command could take a while to finish if you're on a slow link, as there are a lot of files to download.
- Run bootstrap to generate Makefile.am and configure:
cd xastir ./bootstrap.sh
One More Rarely Used Package
GDAL is an extremely optional package. If you don't want/need GDAL, skip the GDAL installation below. 99% of Users won't need it.
- Download the GDAL source
As of this writing, the latest GDAL source can be downloaded like this:
cd ~/src curl -O http://download.osgeo.org/gdal/gdal-1.8.1.tar.gz
- Unpack GDAL
tar zxvf gdal-1.8.1.tar.gz cd gdal-1.8.1
- Build and install GDAL:
./configure make su make install ldconfig exit
The GDAL 'make' step typically takes a long time to complete
You've now got all the libraries in place and can build the fully enabled code.
- Configure the code:
cd ~/src/xastir mkdir build cd build ../configure CPPFLAGS="-I/usr/include/geotiff"
You should be rewarded with a list of features that all say "yes" after them (if everything was done above including installing GDAL).
xastir 2.0.1 has been configured to use the following options and external libraries: MINIMUM OPTIONS: ShapeLib (Vector maps) ................. : yes RECOMMENDED OPTIONS: GraphicsMagick/ImageMagick (Raster maps) : yes (ImageMagick) pcre (Shapefile customization) ......... : yes dbfawk (Shapefile customization) ....... : yes rtree indexing (Shapefile speedups) .... : yes map caching (Raster map speedups) ...... : yes internet map retrieval ................. : yes (libcurl) FOR THE ADVENTUROUS: AX25 (Linux Kernel I/O Drivers) ........ : yes libproj (USGS Topos & Aerial Photos) ... : yes GeoTiff (USGS Topos & Aerial Photos) ... : yes Festival (Text-to-speech) .............. : yes GDAL/OGR (Obtuse map formats) .......... : yes GPSMan/gpsmanshp (GPS downloads) ....... : yes
- Build the code:
make sudo make install
- Enjoy! You now have a fully functional xastir with all features enabled. You can launch it like this:
The first time Xastir is run it'll pop up a dialog box asking you to set some station parameters.
The developers are always adding new features to Xastir and fixing bugs. You'll likely want to update your Xastir semi-regularly. Fortunately for you, you don't have to repeat all of the above steps each time. Updating is actually very simple:
cd ~/src/xastir cvs update ./bootstrap.sh ./configure CPPFLAGS="-I/usr/include/geotiff" make sudo make install
You have to start the festival server by hand in a shell window before starting xastir.
festival --server &
Clicking File->Configure->Speech in xastir, I could get it to talk just by clicking the "Test" button in the dialog.